Thursday, December 8, 2011

Numitron Display Tube Tutorial

Anyone following my electronics projects from the beginning has probably already picked up on my love of vintage displays.  I've done several projects with old vacuum fluorescent displays and nixie tubes, but Christmas came early for me today in the post.

I just got a package from Russia today with half a dozen IV-9 numitron tubes in it, which are a different display tube from the same era.  How numitron tubes work is that it has eight tiny incandescent filaments arranged in the typical seven-segment plus decimal point configuration, and you simply pass current through the filaments you want lit up, and they literally light up exactly like a light bulb.  They are still pretty easy to get online; you can get the IV-9 tubes I'm using for less than $3 a piece on eBay.


This filament display has a huge advantage over VFDs or nixie tubes.  VFDs take 40-60V and has the complexity of a heated cathode; nixie tubes require a heart stopping >120V, and both types require rather specialized driver ICs because of these high voltages.  Numitron tubes, on the other hand, only need 2-3V, so I was able to use jellybean constant-current linear LED drivers out of my junk box.

As a proof of concept, I plugged a numitron tube into a breadboard over an Allegro A6278 LED driver, but any constant-current driver will work, or even just some resistors and transistors.  I hooked this up to an ATTiny2313 AVR and wrote a simple piece of code that cycled through all the digits 0-9.

Finding information on the IV-9 tubes is a little challenging if you don't happen to be able to read Russian, but about the only critical piece of information you need out of the datasheet is the filament current and the pinout, which are relatively easy to find; the filament current is still labeled mA, and the pinout diagram is relatively straight-forward once you realize the pins are numbered clockwise looking from the bottom of the tube.  These filaments are specified for 17-22 mA.

Like always, now that I have the proof of concept running, I'm working on a larger project, so look forward to that in the future.


  1. That is really cool! I have always liked nixie tubes, but not the price nor headache ( in my opinion ) to drive them.

    I look forward to the clock that you will make with this, assuming you will make a clock, of course ( which you SHOULD do ).

  2. I made this clock with them:


  3. If you want, you can post here some links on IV-9 documentation, so I could translate it. :) I'm from Russia, so it will be easy for me. :)

  4. Hm, if you haven't already had your PCB made you could use a small filament lamp as a separator. Something like could work well.

  5. Do you have any suggestions for replacing Allegro A6278?
    Thank you.

    1. LED drivers are very jelly bean. There are probably dozens of 8 bit shift register linear LED drivers which are even pin compatible.

      If you aren't doing anything fancy, I've been told you can just use a 74595, with a 4.3V supply voltage (So one series diode drop from 5V). I.e. 5V - Diode - filaments - 74595.

    2. Kenneth thank you for the suggestion. I'll look into using 74595 with diodes.

  6. Can the 4026B counter be used to drive theses tubes? maybe with the dropper diode?